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The M60, officially the United States Machine Gun, Caliber 7.62 mm, M60, is a gas-operated, disintegrating-link, belt-fed, air-cooled machine gun that fires from an open bolt. There are several types of 7.62×51mm NATO cartridges ammunition approved for use in the M60, including ball, tracer, and armor-piercing rounds.[1] Introduced in 1957, it has served with every branch of the U.S. military and still serves with the armed forces of other states. Its manufacture and continued upgrade continues, although it has been replaced or supplemented in most roles by other designs, most notably the M240 machine gun in U.S. service.[2]

The M60 made its James Bond debut in the 1983 film Octopussy, mounted on a Dodge M37 used by South American soldiers. An M60E3 would later appear in the 1997 film Tomorrow Never Dies, used by Stamper to kill the British survivors of the HMS Devonshire, purportedly using Chinese ammunition. Another M60E3 is subsequently used by a Bolivian helicopter door gunner in the 2008 film Quantum of Solace. In the 2008 video game Quantum of Solace, the M60 machine gun is renamed the 8-CAT; its name being a reference to the name "Octopussy". It makes a literary appearance in Anthony Horowitz's 2015 James Bond continuation novel Trigger Mortis, as the recently-introduced weapon of choice for assassin Harry Johnson, during his assault on James Bond's Virginian motel in 1957; spraying Bond's room with a hail of armor-piercing gunfire.

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References

  1. The M60. Federation of American Scientists.
  2. Norman Polmar (January 15, 2005). The Naval Institute guide to the ships and aircraft of the U.S. fleet. Naval Institute Press, 500. ISBN 978-1-59114-685-8.