New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world. The city is referred to as New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part.
A global power city, New York exerts a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. Located on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of which is a state county. The five boroughs—The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island—were consolidated into a single city in 1898. The city hosts many world renowned bridges, skyscrapers, and parks. New York City's financial district, anchored by Wall Street in Lower Manhatten, functions as the financial capital of the world and is home to the New York Stock Exchange. The home of the United Nations Headquarters, New York is also an important center for international diplomacy
New York traces its roots to its 1624 founding as a trading post by colonists of the Dutch Republic, and was named New Amsterdam in 1626. The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790. It has been the country's largest city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to America by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is a globally recognized symbol of the United States and its democracy.
In Ian Fleming's 1954 novel Live and Let Die, Bond is sent by M to New York City to investigate "Mr. Big", an agent of SMERSH and an underworld voodoo leader who is suspected of selling 17th century gold coins to finance Soviet spy operations in America. These gold coins have been turning up in Harlem and Florida and are suspected of being part of a treasure that was buried in Jamaica by the pirate Sir Henry Morgan.
In New York, Bond meets up with his counterpart in the CIA, Felix Leiter. The two decide to visit some of Mr. Big's nightclubs in Harlem, but are subsequently captured. Bond is personally interrogated by Mr. Big, who uses his fortune telling-girlfriend, Solitaire (so named because she excludes men from her life), to determine if Bond is telling the truth. Solitaire lies to Mr. Big, supporting Bond's cover story. Mr. Big decides to release Bond and Leiter and has one of his men break one of Bond's fingers. Bond escapes, killing several of Mr. Big's men in the process, whilst Leiter is released by a gang member, sympathetic because of a shared appreciation of jazz.
After being tortured by Oddjob Bond and Tilly are taken to Auric Goldfinger's operational headquarters in a warehouse in New York City. They are put to work as secretaries for a meeting between Goldfinger and several gangsters (including the Spangled Mob and the Mafia), who have been recruited to assist in "Operation Grand Slam" – the stealing of the United States gold reserves from Fort Knox.
Bond goes to New York in the short story "007 in New York". In 1959 Fleming was commissioned by The Sunday Times to write a series of articles based on world cities, material for which later became the Thrilling Cities book; whilst travelling through New York for material, Fleming wrote "007 in New York" from Bond's point of view.
The story is an inconsequential tale in which Bond muses about New York City, and his favorite recipe for scrambled eggs, during a quick mission to the Big Apple to warn a female SIS employee that her new boyfriend is a KGB agent.
Live and Let Die (1973)
In the 1973 James Bond film, 007 is sent to New York to investigate the murder of an MI6 agent. The film's antagonist, Dr. Kananga is also in New York, visiting the United Nations. Just after Bond arrives, his driver is shot dead by a passing motorist, while taking Bond to meet Felix Leiter of the CIA. Bond is nearly killed in the ensuing car crash.
A trace on the killer's licence plate eventually leads Bond to Mr. Big, a ruthless and cunning gangster who runs a chain of Fillet of Soul restaurants throughout the United States. It is in his restaurant in Harlem that Bond first meets Solitaire, a beautiful virgin tarot expert who has the uncanny ability to see both the future and remote events in the present. Mr. Big, who is actually Kananga in disguise, demands that his henchmen kill Bond, but Bond overpowers them and escapes unscathed.
- ↑ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2009 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 (SUB-EST2009-01). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2011-04-26.[dead link]
- ↑ World's Largest Urban Areas [Ranked by Urban Area Population]. Rhett Butler (2003–2006). Retrieved on 2011-04-26.
- ↑ Largest Cities of the World – (by metro population). Woolwine-Moen Group d/b/a Graphic Maps. Retrieved on 2011-04-26.
- ↑ Largest Urban Areas in the World: 2008 All Urban Areas 2,000,000 & Over. Wendell Cox Consultancy. Retrieved on 2011-04-26.
- ↑ Welcome to the official New York City Web Site. The City of New York (2011). Retrieved on 2011-09-18.
- ↑ All Municipality Websites Listed Alphabetically. New York State. Retrieved on 2011-09-18.
- ↑ GLOBAL POWER CITY INDEX 2009. © 2009 The Mori Memorial Foundation. All rights reserved. Retrieved on 2012-06-01.
- ↑ Boroughs of New York City. Ben Cahoon (2002). Retrieved on 2012-02-03.
- ↑ A 5-Borough Centennial Preface for Katharine Bement Davis Mini-History. The New York City Department of Correction (1997). Retrieved on 2011-10-26.
- ↑ New York: A City of Neighborhoods. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
- ↑ Buildings in New York City. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved on 2011-06-08.
- ↑ Office of the Mayor Commission for the United Nations, Consular Corps and Protocol. The City of New York (2012). Retrieved on 2012-02-05.
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 United States History - History of New York City, New York. Retrieved on 2012-09-09.
- ↑ Shorto, Russell (2005). The Island at the Center of The World, 1st Edition. New York: Vintage Books, 30. ISBN 1-4000-7867-9.
- ↑ New Jersey Colony Reading Comprehension. MrNussbaum.com. Retrieved on 2012-09-09.
- ↑ KINGSTON Discover 300 Years of New York History DUTCH COLONIES. National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved on 2011-05-10.
- ↑ The Nine Capitals of the United States. United States Senate. Retrieved on 2008-09-07.
- ↑ Rank by Population of the 100 Largest Urban Places, Listed Alphabetically by State: 1790–1990. U.S. Census Bureau (June 15, 1998). Retrieved on 2009-02-08.
- ↑ Statue of Liberty. 1996–2011, A&E Television Networks, LLC. All Rights Reserved. Retrieved on 2011-05-21.
- ↑ Statue of Liberty. World Heritage. © UNESCO World Heritage Centre 1992–2011. Retrieved on 2011-10-23.
- ↑ Benson, Raymond (1988). The James Bond Bedside Companion. London: Boxtree Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85283-233-9.